Overall, the medical landscape was a complex web that incorporated both elite university medicine and a wide-ranging array of vernacular healing traditions, all of which competed with and influenced each other. By the early 16th century, broader trends in Renaissance culture, particularly humanism, had begun to affect university-based medical learning. The humanist scrutiny of classical texts helped lead to a number of changes, including some attempts to amend the knowledge of the ancients; a gradual increase in the perceived value of empirical investigations of the natural world; and the founding of new faculties of anatomy and botany at many universities. At the same time, classical authors such as Galen, Hippocrates, and Aristotle as well as medieval Arabic writers such as Avicenna remained important authorities through the 17th century.
Yet, our medicine today owes much of its development to physicians of that time.
Medicine of that era was strongly influenced by superstition and the doctrine of the Christian church, and did not have much foundation for practical application.
The need for medicine in Middle Ages was certainly great, considering the extreme amounts of plague and disease prevalent during that time Grigsby 2. Unfortunately, medical knowledge of that day was of very little help Margotta Physicians had no concept of disease causing bacteria or viruses.
Unfortunately, it was thought in that day that illness was either due to old age, heredity, or immoderate living. Each of the four humors was associated with a specific body part and certain elemental qualities.
Blood was associated with the heart, and air. Phlegm was associated with the brain and water. Yellow bile was associated with the liver and fire, and black bile was associated with the spleen and Earth.
Sickness was thought to be a result of imbalance of the humors Gottfried There were countless methods of examinations, each explaining how a detailed diagnoses of all types of illnesses could be determined from the color and the odor of the urine and from the layers of sediment in the collecting flasks.
Cloudiness in the upper layer of the collecting flask indicated that the origin of illness was in the head, and lower level layers of cloudiness indicated declining conditions of the bladder or genital organs.
The diagnosis was often optimistically simple Margotta Their ultimate objective was to restore equilibrium of the humors to the sick patient. Physicians had a variety of ways to do this, yet they often attempted to purge the cause of the ailment from the body, by whatever means were deemed necessary Gottfreid Bloodletting was very common Margotta Bloodletting therapy was based on the theory of opposites.
Doctors believed diseases could be caused by excessive amounts of body fluids. For its alleviation, bloodletting was the main treatment. Detailed directions were given regarding the most favorable days and hours for bloodletting, the correct veins to be tapped, the amount of blood to be taken, and the number of bleedings required.
Blood was usually taken by opening a vein with a lancet, although bloodsucking leeches were regularly used Margotta Not all aspects of medieval medicine were as particularly brutal as bloodletting. Apothecaries were the pharmacists of the day; however, their role in medicine extended further than simply the filling of prescribed drugs.
In many cases the Apothecary would actually prescribe drugs and give treatment to a sick patient.
Apothecaries usually had no training in the medical field except as herbalists. In fact, since the herbs that Apothecaries used to make their medicines were usually extremely expensive spices, most doubled as merchants Gottfreid Physicians were the primary treatment practitioners during the middle ages, yet into the 13th century, numerous medical treatments were being conducted by a new and separate group of people known as barbers, barber-surgeons, and surgeons.
These new groups increasingly took on the responsibilities of many types of invasive and non-invasive procedures.Renaissance Medicine and Medical Practices Custom Essay In the beginning of the Elizabethan Era medicine was the beginning of advancements. During the Renaissance, disease was a big problem.
Introduction. Medicine in Renaissance and Reformation Europe was a study in both continuity and change. Overall, the medical landscape was a complex web that incorporated both elite university medicine and a wide-ranging array of vernacular healing traditions, all of which competed with and influenced each other.
Medieval Medicine essaysMedicine has changed greatly since the Middle Ages. Advances in technologies and education about the body have helped in charging the medical field. This paper will examine physicians, diseases, and cures of the Middle Ages. . In the beginning of the Elizabethan Era medicine was the beginning of advancements.
During the Renaissance, disease was a big problem. Medicine was not as advanced as it is today, but being discovered from witchcraft and superstitions, to cures for the sick.
Learn all about european medieval and renaissance medicine with this guide.
Essay: Medieval Medicine. This new patronage lead to the very foundation of the renaissance and many of its glories (Margotta 69).
Today, many medical practices such as bloodletting are no longer used. Modern doctors have almost no uses for these early practices.