The treaties were initialed at LocarnoSwitz. Stock footage courtesy The WPA Film Library The agreements consisted of 1 a treaty of mutual guarantee between Germany, Belgium, France, Great Britain, and Italy; 2 arbitration treaties between Germany and Belgium and between Germany and France; 3 a note from the former Allies to Germany explaining the use of sanctions against a covenant-breaking state as outlined in article 16 of the League of Nations Covenant; 4 arbitration treaties between Germany and Czechoslovakia and between Germany and Poland; and 5 treaties of guarantee between France and Poland and between France and Czechoslovakia. A further consequence of the pact was the evacuation of Allied troops from the Rhineland infive years ahead of schedule.
Reactions to Hitler Britain Britain did not act. The nation was weak economically and militarily and so did not want to commit itself to war unless it definitely had to.
At the time, Britain was in dispute with Italy over its military campaigns in Abyssinia Ethiopia and British forces had been moved into the Mediterranean in case Italy became aggressive.
There was little Britain could do to stop Germany. Although the British government denounced the breaking of the terms of Versailles, they did not think it merited war. France France did not act.
France was between governments when Germany re-occupied the Rhineland. France could not act to stop the Germans. French military forces had previously been moved from the Rhine to the Alps and Tunisia because of the political tension with Italy.
As such, their forces near the Rhineland were weakened. French generals also thought the German occupying forces were much bigger than they actually were.
They would not attack without more support. British reluctance to stand up to Hitler meant the French also took no action. France placed its faith in the Maginot Line of fortifications on the Franco-German border.
Results Hitler had significantly improved his status.
Over the next two years the Germans built defences and within 18 months their rate of rearmament passed that of Britain and France. He did not agree to an Air Force Pact with Britain. He began to think he was infallible. France continued to strengthen the Maginot Line in an attempt to safeguard against future German aggression.
French alliances with eastern European countries were undermined as France concentrated solely on defence against possible German aggression. Italy formed the Rome-Berlin Axis in July Hitler signed the Anti-Comintern Pact with Japan in November which formed an anti-Communist alliance between the two nations.
Britain promised France and Belgium help if they were invaded reaffirming Locarno. Austria now came under more German pressure. Britain began rearming its military forces.Ultimate Study Guide: World War Two Timeline Hitler rises to power and the enabling act is signed Anglo-German Agreement Rome-Berlin Pact Remilitarize the Rhineland Anti-Comintern Pact with Japan Anti-Comintern Pact with Japan and Italy Munich Conference The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact Germany invades Poland on.
The Anti-Comintern Pact was signed by Germany and Japan on November 25, , and joined by Italy on November 6, Disguised as an effort to combat the influence of the Communist International (Comintern), the treaty was intended to serve as a military alliance aimed at the Soviet Union.
In. History Notes on Rhineland, Anti-Comintern Pact and Anschluss Essay Re-militarisation of Rhineland Germany * The Rhineland area had been a key industrial region of Germany, producing coal, steel and iron resources.
History Notes on Rhineland, Anti-Comintern Pact and Anschluss Essay Re-militarisation of Rhineland Germany * The Rhineland area had been a key industrial region of Germany, producing coal, steel and iron resources. The Anti-Comintern Pact was an anti-Communist pact concluded between Germany and Japan (later to be joined by other, mainly fascist, governments) on November 25, , and was directed against the Communist monstermanfilm.comon: Berlin, Germany.
A BBC Bitesize secondary school revision resource for Higher History on the road to war: Rhineland, the importance of the Rhineland, reactions to Hitler.
Hitler signed the Anti-Comintern Pact.