The school should always have as its aim that the young man leave it as a harmonious personality, not as a specialist…The development of general ability for independent thinking and judgment should always be placed foremost, not the acquisition of special knowledge. If a person masters the fundamentals of his subject and has learned to think and work independently, he will surely find his way and besides will better be able to adapt himself to progress and changes than the person whose training principally consists in the acquiring of detailed knowledge p. It is not enough to teach a man a specialty. Through it he may become a kind of useful machine but not a harmoniously developed personality.
As one of the greatest physicists of all time and a fine amateur pianist and violinist, he ought to have known! So what did Einstein mean and what does it tell us about the nature of creative thinking and how we should stimulate it?
And in an even earlier post on Einstein, we introduced the idea that creative thinking can be done with your body as well as your mind. For Einstein, insight did not come from logic or mathematics.
It came, as it does for artists, from intuition and inspiration. As he told one friend, "When I examine myself and my methods of thought, I come close to the conclusion that the gift of imagination has meant more to me than any talent for absorbing absolute knowledge.
I believe in intuition and inspiration At times I feel certain I am right while not knowing the reason. But how, then, did art differ from science for Einstein? If it is communicated through forms whose constructions are not accessible to the conscious mind but are recognized intuitively, then it is art" Calaprice, Einstein himself worked intuitively and expressed himself logically.
Einstein first described his intuitive thought processes at a physics conference in Kyoto inwhen he indicated that he used images to solve his problems and found words later Pais, Einstein explicated this bold idea at length to one scholar of creativity intelling Max Wertheimer that he never thought in logical symbols or mathematical equations, but in images, feelings, and even musical architectures Wertheimer, Elsewhere he wrote even more baldly that "[n]o scientist thinks in equations" Infeld, Anyone in science education reading this?!
Einstein only employed words or other symbols presumably mathematical -- in what he explicitly called a secondary translation step -- after he was able to solve his problems through the formal manipulation of internally imagined images, feelings, and architectures.
A thought comes, and I may try to express it in words afterwards," he wrote Wertheimer,; Pais, Einstein expanded on this theme in a letter to fellow mathematician Jacques Hadamard, writing that "[t]he words of the language, as they are written or spoken, do not seem to play any role in my mechanism of thought.
The above mentioned elements are, in my case of visual and some of a muscular type Conventional words or other signs [presumably mathematical ones] have to be sought for laboriously only in a secondary stage, when the associative play already referred to is sufficiently established and can be reproduced at will" Hadamard, In other interviews, he attributed his scientific insight and intuition mainly to music.
I often think in music. I live my daydreams in music. I see my life in terms of music I get most joy in life out of music" Calaprice, His son, Hans, amplified what Einstein meant by recounting that "[w]henever he felt that he had come to the end of the road or into a difficult situation in his work, he would take refuge in music, and that would usually resolve all his difficulties" quoted in Clark, Something in the music would guide his thoughts in new and creative directions.
No historian of science seems to have taken these musical and intuitional comments of Einstein seriously, but we think there is something very important to be gleaned from his personal testimony.
What did Einstein mean when he told Wertheimer that he often thought in terms of musical architectures? Music also embodies time.
Could music have therefore provided Einstein with a connection between time and space through its combination of architectonic, or structural, nature combined with its spatial and temporal aspects?
My parents had me study the violin from the time I was six. My new discovery is the result of musical perception" Suzuki, They also fit with the manner in which Einstein expressed his greatest praise for a fellow scientist.
Anyone looking for connections between music, mathematics, and physics?“At the commencement of a campaign, to advance or not to advance is a matter for grave consideration; but when once the offensive has been assumed, it must be sustained to the last extremity.
Religious beliefs. Einstein used many labels to describe his religious views, including "agnostic", "religious nonbeliever" and a "pantheistic" believer in "Spinoza's God".Einstein believed the problem of God was the "most difficult in the world"—a question that could not be answered "simply with yes or no.".
Newton, Darwin, & Einstein. Most people think that genius is the primary determinant of intellectual achievement. Yet three of the all-time greatest thinkers had in common, not inexplicable genius, but a questioning mind.
Their intellectual skills and inquisitive drive embodied the essence of critical thinking. Through skilled deep and. Quotes on Value, Values, Ethics, Moral and Virtue; Quotations from Socrates to Hsi-Tang, from Genesis to The Dalai Lama and from Warren Buffett to George W.
Bush. For the fun of debunking, duty of skepticism, and love of science.
It is difficult to say what truth is, but sometimes it is so easy to recognize a falsehood. quotes from Albert Einstein: 'Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I'm not sure about the universe.', 'There are only two ways to live your life.
One is as though nothing is a miracle. The other is as though everything is a miracle.', and 'I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination. Imagination is more important than knowledge.