Line diagram corresponding to the formal context bodies of water on the left The above line diagram consists of circles, connecting line segments, and labels. Circles represent formal concepts. The lines allow to read off the subconcept-superconcept hierarchy. Each object and attribute name is used as a label exactly once in the diagram, with objects below and attributes above concept circles.
Before we discuss his philosophy of society we need to know what was happening before he came. There Was the problem of the excessive use of power in the society. One could rule in as much as he commanded obedience from others by the use of brute power and force.
This led to conflict and self-centeredness among humans. An attempt to escape from the above crisis led Hobbes to postulate a common wealth or the state as a platform for organizing human beings or what he called the Leviathan.
The idea of the Leviathan aimed at providing a means by which men can overcome the disorder in the natural state. The people needed the state of nature, to fashion a contract, giving all their power to one man who becomes the sovereign.
From the above, the research question Critical analysis of the concept to this; Is the Leviathan construed either as a ruler or a State able to solve the problem of insecurity, self-centeredness and the egoism in the nature of man?
Will the absolute power embedded in a Leviathan not lead to tyranny and abuses? These are some of the issues that this study intends to look into critically.
Is the Leviathan immune to the egoistic nature of man which he has been chosen to guard against? Can the chaos and conflict which exists on the state of nature be eliminated with the institution of the common wealth?
How does the Leviathan intend to tackle the problem of behaviorism and human nature which is egoistic and self-centered in order to ensure a peaceful human society wherein people will be law abiding?
Will the absolute power embedded in the sovereign not lead to tyranny, totalitarianism and abuse? This project work tries to tackle some of these questions. It also attempt to proffer solutions to the problems identified in Hobbes theory. This work studies Hobbes notion of the society and how human beings can live together peacefully in a society.
We may ask; how can humans evolve a peaceful system where law and order are properly defined? His intention is to capture all areas of life with an attempt of reconstructing the society into a better one by proffering the Leviathan.
Effort will be made to review and apply his concept of the Leviathan in examining the view of human nature as egoistic and individualistic and how we can evolve a stable and viable society from such a human nature.
It looks into other concepts like the state of nature which led to the postulation of Leviathan. It advances theory and knowledge by expanding the view of other social contractarians in order to give a balanced view of our topic of study. The research tools to be used are archival materials such as textbooks, encyclopedia and internet sources.
By using the critical method this study seeks to provide a systematic and comprehensive understanding of the idea of the Leviathan and the extent to which it can be a viable option for bringing about order, peace and cooperation in the society.
Here,the argument is that the civil society created by the social contract must have power to punish those who transgress the agreement. Convinced that fear is the greatest motivator, the state must have sufficient positive power to terrify its citizens into obedience3 The third book to be reviewed is History of Political Thought by Anthony O.
Here there is an argument for the provision of an absolute ruler The Leviathan. He believed that it was only an absolute ruler that could tame the wicked tendencies which exhibited in the state of nature4.
Here it was understood that since sovereignty is created by a covenant or contract, the subject retains all those natural rights that cannot be transferred by covenant5 To put it differently, since the subject has entered into the contract to preserve and protect his life, the subject cannot refuse to obey the sovereign.
The fifth book to be reviewed ,is Ethics: Here Hobbes argues that men decided to come together and form an organized society since life was so in secured in the state of nature. They came together, made a social contract, empowered the sovereign to decide what should be done and what should not be done in the society.A critical analysis is subjective writing because it expresses the writer's opinion or evaluation of a text.
Analysis means to break down and study the parts. Writing a critical paper requires two steps: critical reading and critical writing. Formal concept analysis (FCA) is a principled way of deriving a concept hierarchy or formal ontology from a collection of objects and their properties.
Each concept in the hierarchy represents the objects sharing some set of properties;. Mar 21, · Edit Article How to Write a Critical Analysis. Four Parts: Conducting a Critical Reading Writing an Effective Analysis Organizing the Review Sample Analyses Community Q&A A critical analysis examines an article or other work to determine how effective the piece is at making an argument or point%(92).
Mar 21, · Edit Article How to Write a Critical Analysis. In this Article: Article Summary Conducting a Critical Reading Writing an Effective Analysis Organizing the Review Sample Analyses Community Q&A A critical analysis examines an article or other work to determine how effective the piece is at making an argument or point%().
A critical analysis is subjective writing because it expresses the writer's opinion or evaluation of a text. Analysis means to break down and study the parts.
Writing a critical paper requires two steps: critical reading and critical writing. Critical Concepts. Criticism and Critical Analysis “Critical” in the sense in which we use the term here is not synonymous with “fault-finding.” The essay we are going to examine is an excellent piece of work, it is “critical analysis” that reveals how and why that is.