An inflamed mob of about 50 desperate men had crowded round the car, trying to turn it over. They were staring at me and my companions with rage and hatred such as I haven't seen in a human face before. Those companions, Barbara Jones and Richard van Ryneveld, were - like me - quite helpless in the back seats. If we got out, we would certainly be beaten to death.
|Childhood in Colonial America||The Whipping Post was where criminals were publicly whipped before onlookers and neighbors.|
|Whip (politics) - Wikipedia||The whipping post pictured above was put into use around at the Baltimore City Jail, where untilmany of those convicted of wife-beating were punished.|
|Colonial Crimes and Punishments : The Colonial Williamsburg Official History & Citizenship Site||All political parties that have four or more members in Parliament have at least one party whip, although Green Party whips are called musterers.|
An inflamed mob of about 50 desperate men had crowded round the car, trying to turn it over. Those companions, Barbara Jones and Richard van Ryneveld, were — like me — quite helpless in the back seats. If we got out, we would certainly be beaten to death.
But our two African companions had indeed got out to try to reason with the crowd. Finally one of them leapt back into the car and reversed wildly down the rocky path. By the grace of God we did not slither into the ditch, roll over or burst a tyre.
He told us it was us they wanted. We ought to be dead. Why did they want to kill us? What was the reason for their fury?
They thought that if I reported on their way of life they might lose their jobs. We were in Katanga province in the Democratic Colonial whip of Congo, and had seen a Chinese supervisor cajoling local workers as they dug a trench.
The workers were grubbing for scraps of cobalt and copper ore in the dust of abandoned copper mines, sinking perilous 25m shafts by hand, washing their finds in cholera-infected streams full of human filth, then pushing enormous loads uphill on ancient bicycles to the nearby town of Likasi, where middlemen waited to sell the metals to Chinese businessmen.
To see the workers as they plodded miserably past was to be reminded of pictures of unemployed miners in Britain in the s, stumbling home in the drizzle with sacks of coal scraps gleaned from spoil heaps.
Except that, here, the unsparing heat made the labour five times as hard and the conditions were worse by far than any known in England since the 18th century. Many of these workers perish as their primitive mines collapse on them, or are horribly injured without hope of medical treatment.
Many are little more than children. We had been earlier to this awful pit, which looked like a penal colony in an ancient slave empire. By the time we returned with more official permits, the gang-masters had readied the ambush. Much of the continent is selling itself into a new era of corruption and virtual slavery as China seeks to buy up all the metals, minerals and oil it can lay its hands on.
China offers both rulers and the ruled in Africa the simple, squalid advantages of shameless exploitation. For the people, there are these wretched leavings, which, miserable as they are, must be better than the near-starvation they otherwise face.
They pointed out that China needs African markets for its goods and has an interest in real economic advancement in that broken continent.
For once, they argued, foreign intervention in Africa might work, precisely because it is so cynical and self-interested. They said Western aid, with all its conditions, did little to create real advances in Africa.
Why get so het up about African corruption anyway? Is it really so much worse than corruption in Russia or India? Is it really our business to try to act as missionaries of purity? And what about China?
After the murderous disaster of Mao, and the long chaos that went before, China longs above all for prosperity. It is noticeable that in much former British territory we have left behind plenty of good things and habits that are absent in the lands once ruled by rival empires.
Even so, with Zimbabwe, Nigeria and Uganda on our conscience, who are we to lecture others? The Congo is barely a state at all, and still hosts plenty of fighting. I have decided not to name most of the people who spoke to me, even though some of them gave me permission to do so, because I am not sure they know just how much of a risk they may be running by criticising the Chinese in Africa.
I know from personal experience with Chinese authority that Beijing regards anything short of deep respect as insulting and it does not forget a slight.
I also know that this over-sensitive vigilance is present in Africa. Beijing regards Zambia as a great prize, alongside its other favoured nations of Sudan oilAngola oil and Congo metals. Trade is growing rapidly. All this has aroused the suspicions of Michael Sata, a populist Zambian opposition politician famous for his combative manner and his biting attacks on opponents.
He was once a porter who swept the platforms at Victoria Station in London. We have plenty of those in Zambia. In Lusaka and in the Copper Belt, Chinese workers are a common sight at mines and on building sites, as are Chinese supervisors and technicians. There are Chinese restaurants, Chinese clinics and Chinese housing compounds — and a growing number of Chinese flags flapping over factories and smelters.Use our online calendar to see all the exciting events, activities, and programs happening at Colonial Williamsburg.
Prefer something that you can print out? The jury found him not guilty of the capital crime of incest, but sentenced him to a whipping for "incestuous attempts" towards his daughter "in the chimney corner," while intoxicated with drink.
Plymouth Colony enacted a number of fines and punishments for lesser, misdemeanor crimes. The following table illustrates some of the crimes, and. A whip is an official of a political party whose task is to ensure party discipline in a legislature.
Whips are the party's "enforcers"; they invite their fellow legislators to attend voting sessions and to vote according to the official party policy. As vicious as colonial punishments were, there was a relatively simple way to avoid the worst of them, the gallows, by pleading "benefit of clergy." This escape hatch dated .
Mar 05, · 14 responses to “ Remembering the Seventies ” Cindy Ahrens | August 18, at am | Reply In the nostalgia, you may want to add the Triangle Restaurant and bar too.
Puritans in New England: "Breaking of the will" Puritans believed that children should not have autonomy. (Images found in Child Life in Colonial Days, by Alice Morse Earle and Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America by .