This course offers you an introduction to the major themes of Western civilization, many of which have had a profound influence on American society and culture. The course will describe the development of Western civilization from its ancient origins in the Mediterranean, including Greece and Rome, to the end of the Cold War in the early s. Each professor teaching the course will offer his or her own focus to the exploration of the history of the West, but common questions and themes will emerge during the semester that link the different chronological periods.
Muslim conquests Europe in While the Roman Empire and Christian religion survived in an increasingly Hellenised form in the Byzantine Empire centered at Constantinople in the East, Western civilization suffered a collapse of literacy and organization following the fall of Rome in AD Gradually however, the Christian religion re-asserted its influence over Western Europe.
The Book of Kells. Danish seamen, painted midth century. The Viking Age saw Norseman explore, raid, conquer and trade through wide areas of the West. After the Fall of Romethe papacy served as a source of authority and continuity.
In the absence of a magister militum living in Rome, even the control of military matters fell to the pope.
Gregory the Great c — administered the church with strict reform. A trained Roman lawyer and administrator, and a monk, he represents the shift from the classical to the medieval outlook and was a father of many of the structures of the later Roman Catholic Church.
According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, he looked upon Church and State as co-operating to form a united whole, which acted in two distinct spheres, ecclesiastical and secular, but by the time of his death, the papacy was the great power in Italy: From this time forth the varied populations of Italy looked to the pope for guidance, and Rome as the papal capital continued to be the center of the Christian world.
Roman legions had never conquered Ireland, and as the Western Roman Empire collapsed, Christianity managed to survive there. Monks sought out refuge at the far fringes of the known world: Disciplined scholarship carried on in isolated outposts like Skellig Michael in Ireland, where literate monks became some of the last preservers in Western Europe of the poetic and philosophical works of Western antiquity.
Later in the 6th century, the Byzantine Empire restored its rule in much of Italy and Spain. Missionaries sent from Ireland by the Pope helped to convert England to Christianity in the 6th century as well, restoring that faith as the dominant in Western Europe.
Working as a trader he encountered the ideas of Christianity and Judaism on the fringes of the Byzantine Empire, and around began preaching of a new monotheistic religion, Islamand in became the civil and spiritual leader of Medinasoon after conquering Mecca in Dying inMuhammed's new creed conquered first the Arabian tribes, then the great Byzantine cities of Damascus in and Jerusalem in By the early 8th century, Iberia and Sicily had fallen to the Muslims.
By the 9th century, MaltaCyprusand Crete had fallen — and for a time the region of Septimania. From this time, the "West" became synonymous with Christendomthe territory ruled by Christian powers, as Oriental Christianity fell to dhimmi status under the Muslim Caliphates.
The cause to liberate the " Holy Land " remained a major focus throughout medieval history, fueling many consecutive crusadesonly the first of which was successful although it resulted in many atrocities, in Europe as well as elsewhere. Charlemagne "Charles the Great" in English became king of the Franks.
Under his rule, his subjects in non-Christian lands like Germany converted to Christianity. Saxon Wars A map showing Charlemagne's additions in light green to the Frankish Kingdom After his reign, the empire he created broke apart into the kingdom of France from Francia meaning "land of the Franks"Holy Roman Empire and the kingdom in between containing modern day Switzerland, northern-Italy, Eastern France and the low-countries.Western Civilization Essay Sample.
A civilization can be alluded to as an organization of social complexity, which tends to share similar habits, traditions, beliefs, and the way of life, marked by some specific characteristics and features, living in a certain time period, making these distinguishing features its footing in the history.
Feb 17, · Great Issues in Western Civilization A great issue can be defined in many ways; one way is how it effects people and how many people it effects.
Of course it is based on the fact that it is great; and it wouldn’t be great unless people were affected by it. Western Civilization In preparation GREAT ISSUES IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION Edited by BRIAN TIERNEY, DONALD KAGAN, and In the second edition this comprehensive account of western civilization maintains * its straightforward style, clarity, and conciseness.
compact introduction to the social, economic. WESTERN CIVILIZATION Fall Syllabus Textbooks: Coffin and Stacey (eds.) You may refer to your papers during Discussion Friday as we talk about the texts and issues.
Specific texts for the RP are located after the Class Schedule and are also available on the class web-page at iSiS Introduction. Readings Assignment.
Sept. 5. Feb 17, · Western Civilization Essay Topics; Western Civilization Essay Topics. Introduction HIS History of Western Civilization to Middle Ages Lesson 5 Quiz This assignment is worth a total of 60 points.
Please make sure you have answered all questions prior to submitting. Great Issues in Western Civilization Essay. A History of the Western Intellectual Tradition: Our focus is primarily European although peripheral issues which take us outside the Continent will be considered as well. The general theme which holds the course together is what I call the "world view," that is, the collection of mental constructs which gives the world meaning to each and.