The academic phrases and vocabulary were extracted from a wide collection of scientific research papers.
Click on the links to see an explanation. Most lecturers expect students to: You should deal with facts in an impersonal way, without distortion by personal feelings or prejudices.
While you are expected to develop your own ideas from your research and reading about a topic, you must express those ideas in an impersonal objective manner.
An objective tone in your writing is achieved by: Do not ASSUME that your reader will understand what you are trying to say—try to write so that another person will grasp your ideas. The opposite of clear writing is muddled text that has to be deciphered by the reader.
Following are a few tips to help you to write clearly: Most text books have a glossary of terms or use discipline specific dictionaries with explanations so that you can use these terms correctly.
You do NOT have to put quotation marks around these terms e. If you use these words fluently in your essay, it shows your marker that you are mastering your subject.
Use a good Australian dictionary e.
See the ASO fact sheet on Using non-discriminatory language. Following are some of the small but specific mistakes in style that are made mainly unconsciously in formal written work. Do not use colloquial language or slang Colloquial language and slang Do not use everyday conversational English or slang terms in your academic writing.
Everyday conversational English including slang is practised daily in our lives. When you begin academic studies, you will be expected to conform to the academic standard of using formal language.
What does this mean in REAL terms? It means that you will have to recognise colloquial language in your own writing and systematically edit your work to replace words, phrases and sentences with the acceptable academic form so that your writing sounds objective and informed.
This takes time and practice. Following are some examples of colloquial language taken from student essays: For the rest of the essay, use the acronym e.
Be consistent—once you have written the acronym after the full name, use it all of the time e. DO NOT use full stops between the abbreviated letters e. If an abbreviation is commonly used as a word, you can use it in the abbreviated form without writing it in full first e. It is BEST to write the full term in the text of your writing.
As most academic writing should be objective, you are usually advised to avoid using personal pronouns e. I, me, my, we, us, our, you in your writing. This sometimes poses difficulties for the writer when a set question implies that your opinion is required.
Evaluate the effectiveness of plagiarism training workshops for university students.and writing within an academic context.
With such studies in mind, this paper examines the effectiveness of an EAP course in academic writing with reference to students’ use of tone and style.
In this paper, tone and style in academic writing refer only to the formality of writing achieved, for example, through the use of formal vocabulary.
Transitional words and phrases can create powerful links between ideas in your paper and can help your reader understand the logic of your paper. However, these words all have different meanings, nuances, and connotations.
Before using a particular transitional word in your paper, be sure you. Using Appropriate Words in an Academic Essay 3 Using Appropriate Words in an Academic Essay As you develop your essay, and academic writing takes place in what is considered a formal context.
In addition, academic essays are expected to be clear and Use formal vocabulary. Academic English, like any writing, has its own conventions or 'style'.
It is a formal, written style, which means that it has aspects which make it different from 'spoken' academic English, and at the same time, being 'formal', it is quite different from ordinary writing which you might use in letters, emails, or stories. Words and Phrases Used in Academic Writing.
In academic writing, there are certain words and phrases that are used consistently. If a student is able to become familiar with these words and phrases, their academic writing will certainly improve faster and their comprehension of academic texts will increase.
There are plenty of exercises for beginners in academic writing and teaching resources for academic writing tutors. This resource is handy for home students and overseas students, who need to learn the technical vocabulary of their field.