Shah exiled, Khomeini returns January - As the political situation deteriorates, the Shah and his family are forced into exile. They demand the extradition of the Shah, in the US at the time for medical treatment, to face trial in Iran.
Ruins of the Gate of All NationsPersepolis.
Ruins of the ApadanaPersepolis. Depiction of united Medes and Persians at the ApadanaPersepolis. Ruins of the TacharaPersepolis. The Achaemenid Empire at its greatest extent. He was better able, through more benign policies, to reconcile his subjects to Persian rule; the longevity of his empire was one result.
Since he became ill and died before, or while, leaving Egyptstories developed, as related by Herodotusthat he was struck down for impiety against the ancient Egyptian deities. The winner, Darius Ibased his claim on membership in a collateral line of the Achaemenid Empire.
He improved the extensive road system, and it is during his reign that mention is first made of the Royal Road shown on mapa great highway stretching all the way from Susa to Sardis with posting stations at regular intervals.
Major reforms took place under Darius. Coinagein the form of the daric gold coin and the shekel silver coin was standardized coinage had already been invented over a century before in Lydia c.
The Old Persian language appears in royal inscriptions, written in a specially adapted version of the cuneiform script. Under Cyrus the Great and Darius Ithe Persian Empire eventually became the largest empire in human history up until that point, ruling and administrating over most of the then known world,  as well as spanning the continents of EuropeAsia, and Africa.
The greatest achievement was the empire itself. In the late sixth century BC, Darius launched his European campaign, in which he defeated the Paeoniansconquered Thraceand subdued all coastal Greek cities, as well as defeating the European Scythians around the Danube river.
This led to an Achaemenid campaign against mainland Greece known as the Greco-Persian Warswhich lasted the first half of the 5th century BC, and is known as one of the most important wars in European history.
At a crucial moment in the war, about half of mainland Greece was overrun by the Persians, including all territories to the north of the Isthmus of Corinth  however, this was also turned out in a Greek victory, following the battles of Plataea and Salamisby which Persia lost its footholds in Europe, and eventually withdrew from it.
However, after a string of Greek victories the Persians were forced to withdraw thus losing control of MacedoniaThrace and Ionia.
A panoramic view of Persepolis. His empire was the Seleucid Empire. Greek language, philosophy, and art came with the colonists.
During the Seleucid era, Greek became the common tongue of diplomacy and literature throughout the empire.- Alexander the Great of Macedon conquers the Persian Empire, founding a short-lived empire before dying in Babylon in - Most of Persia is part of the Greek-dominated (Hellenistic) Seleucid Empire, founded by a general of Alexander the Great.
Coup 53 of Iran is the CIA's (Central Intelligence Agency) first successful overthrow of a foreign government. But a copy of the agency's secret history of the coup has surfaced, revealing the inner workings of a plot that set the stage for the Islamic revolution in , and for a generation of anti-American hatred in one of the Middle East's most powerful countries.
Slightly larger than the US state of Alaska, Iran covers million square kilometers (, square miles). Iran is a mountainous land, with two large salt deserts . Jan 21, · Watch video · The Iran Hostage Crisis: The Shah and the C.I.A. The Iran hostage crisis had its origins in a series of events that took place nearly a half-century before it began.
A Short History of the Department; About Us; Iran - Countries. A Guide to the United States’ History of Recognition, Diplomatic, and Consular Relations, by Country, since Iran.
Summary. The first formal act of diplomatic engagement and recognition between the United States and the Kingdom of Persia (Iran), both long-established. Iran (pronounced ee-RAHN), formerly known as Persia, is situated at the crossroads of Central Asia, South Asia, and the Arab states of the Middle East.
This strategic position—and its access to the Persian Gulf in the south—have made Iran an important country throughout its history.